This paper reflects on the landmark Opinion of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) on the legal nature of the EU-Singapore free trade agreement (FTA). It explains the rationale behind the change made as a result of this CJEU ruling by the European Commission (hereafter the Commission) to the architecture of this particular FTA. The latter was split into two different agreements: a free trade agreement (FTAs) and an investment protection agreement (IPA). Finally, the paper outlines the impact this has had on the architecture of other agreements concluded by the EU with third countries, and points out challenges likely to arise in the ratification processes of these agreements.

Posted by JOLANA MUNGENGOVA, on Monday, November 19th 2018 at 10:48
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